For even more control over your sound, try using two compressors in serial. The general idea is that the attack time is the time the compressor ”waits” (after the threshold is passed) until the set attack time is up, then it shuts on like a switch. With a slow attack speed, the compressor lets a bit of the initial signal through before it kicks in, which can be used to emphasize the impact of a signal, making it sound bigger and more aggressive. Out of these, the cookies that are categorized as necessary are stored on your browser as they are essential for the working of basic functionalities of the website. This category only includes cookies that ensures basic functionalities and security features of the website. That can be useful. und zwar mache ich meine kicks gerne selbst, bin aber mit deren hüllkurve unzufrieden, da mir durch die abfallende form zu sehr der nachdruck fehlt. On the other hand, if the attack time is too long, too much audio will have passed through before the compressor has time to react. Intro. setting should be used to add back however much gain you “knocked off” of the original signal using gain reduction. Dieses Problem kann man auf zwei Arten umgehen: When it comes to setting compressors, discussing specific settings isn’t really helpful. These cookies will be stored in your browser only with your consent. We'll assume you're ok with this, but you can opt-out if you wish. As for tone, fast attack times can be used to tighten up sloppy performances and make things feel a little more polished. setting. Settings that sounded good for one instrument may not sound good for another. The oscilloscope will grow green and bounce around if your audio is nice and punchy. The threshold setting controls when the compressor kicks in. There are certain rules applied by professional audio recording community as to how to set the attack and release times. Setting different values of attack time, release time and other parameters can have significant effect on the resulting sound. But since 0dB does not need anymore need compression; the compressor “releases” then applies gain to be the same with the input level again. Wenn die Attack-Zeit des Kompressor schnell genug eingestellt ist, kann die Gain-Reduktion innerhalb eines Zykluses der Schallwelle einsetzen. A picture is worth a thousand of words. He currently owns and operates Punchy Kick, a professional mixing and mastering studio that specializes in pop-punk, emo, punk, grunge, and alternative music. the sound of compression for the first time. Start with a compressor with a fast attack and fast release to smooth out peaks and tame transients, followed by a slower, more gentle compressor to make tracks sound bigger and fatter. Do you want to add excitement and perceived loudness? If you are using the compressor effect in your audio recording, mixing and mastering; you can creatively set the following compressor parameters to get the sound you want: threshold, attack time, release time and the compression ratio. In some compressors the attack time is faster the higher past the thereshold you go. Instead, you have to use the input gain setting to push the signal up against the threshold. To get a visual of what your compressor is doing to your music, you can use the Dynamic Range section of LEVELS by Mastering The Mix. When he’s not in front of his laptop, Brad can be found gaming with his wife, spending time with his son, or throwing down in the mosh pit. Many engineers choose to begin applying compression with a slow attack speed and a fast release speed for the most natural, transparent sound. Instructors had given me countless demonstrations, but I could never really hear the difference between the various settings—especially when it came to the attack and release times. To illustrate this carefully, it needs to be defined first: Attack time – the time it takes for the compressor to complete the gain reduction (or bring down the level) based on the compression ratio. I'd set the ratio to basically limiting and attack time at stupid faster than fast. phuttaman; 17. With a ratio of 10:1, for every 10 dB above the threshold, the compressor only allows 1 dB above the threshold through. Fast Release Speed (50 to 100 milliseconds). With a slow enough attack time, you can miss some transients al… You will see the “linear” transition from +9dB until it reaches the +6dB output level. Some compressors, like the UA 1176 and LA-2A feature a fixed threshold, meaning there is no threshold control. The release time defines the time it takes to bring the gain back up to the normal level once the signal has fallen below the threshold. Is your track release ready? If you then set the release time very fast, the gain reduction will also reset very rapidly — well before the drum sound has finished, such that the lower‑level tail of the drum hit won't be compressed as much. Setting the attack time too fast may suck the life out of a performance or push an instrument back in the mix making it sound farther away from the listener. In order to understand how to set the attack and release times on a compressor, you need to know how to use the other controls too. Compression is usually a difficult one to get your head round, and even for those who’ve got your head across the threshold and ratio settings without the attack and release times being set accurately it should all the time be tough to get the specified impact. Time-Constant Position #2; Attack time = 0.2 ms, Release time = 0.8 seconds (or 800 ms). Dadurch wird die Wellenform abgeschnitten und es kommt zu hörbarer Verzerrung. Think of the attack setting as the reaction time of the compressor. Use your ears and choose whichever ratio sounds best. However, using a slow attack time can make uneven performance dynamics worse. Beiträge 85. the compressor kicks in almost immediately, which is great if you’re trying to prevent signals from clipping or tame unruly peaks. This website uses cookies to improve your experience. When the signal becomes louder than the threshold, the compressor reduces the gain based on the ratio setting. It will turn orange then red if your audio is overcompressed. Adobe Audition Compressor Tutorial: Implement Dynamics Processing. Before you read this tutorial, make sure you fully understand dynamic range compression first as being applied in music production. The only remaining problem is how you will be able to assign a reasonable attack and release times for each compression band. With a ratio of 2:1, for every 2 dB above the threshold, the compressor only allows 1 dB above the threshold through. When the signal becomes louder than the threshold, the compressor reduces the gain based on the. Supposing you are adjusting a bass frequency, for the sake of simple illustration let’s use a square wave. Fast Attack Speed (10 microseconds - 1 millisecond) With a fast attack speed, the compressor kicks in almost immediately, which is great if you’re trying to prevent signals from clipping or tame unruly peaks. With, choosing a selection results in a full page refresh, press the space key then arrow keys to make a selection. The most important thing to remember when setting the attack and release times on a compressor is to know what you’re trying to accomplish. Some compressors, like the UA 1176 and LA-2A feature a fixed threshold, meaning there is no threshold control. However the input level went down from +9dB back to 0dB; the compressor realizes that starting from +3dB all the way down to 0dB does not anymore need compression, so it “releases” the input level. Attack time – the time it takes for the compressor to complete the gain reduction (or bring down the level) based on the compression ratio. Attack Time. However based on the diagram above, the input level changes from 0dB to +9dB; this activates the compressor since +9dB is above the +3dB threshold. Just be careful, extreme compression with a fast release time can cause an unwanted pumping sound. A good example is that the input level now changes from -10dB back again to -40dB (below the -20dB threshold). Slow-release speeds are great for smoothing out dynamic performances. For example, if the compression ratio is set to 1:2 and the threshold is set at -20dB, this means that if the input level is -10dB (needs compression because it is above threshold), the output will be -20dB. It controls how long it takes for the compressor to kick in after a signal exceeds the threshold. Fast Attack Speed (10 microseconds - 1 millisecond). To prevent this, try using a compressor with a built-in high-pass filter to bypass the bass frequencies. You get the idea. 17. The attack and release settings essentially control the reaction speed of a compressor. The release setting controls how long it takes for the compressor to “let go” of a signal, or return it to an uncompressed state.