', Philosophical perspectives that incorporate ontological, epistemological, and methodological perspectives, An ontological view that says reality exists and humans may know it, though at times imperfectly; connected to objectivism, An ontological view that says reality is fundamentally an idea, mentally constructed or otherwise immaterial; connected to subjectivism, An epistemological view that says, knowledge develops through sensory perception (quantitative), An epistemological view that says, knowledge develops through reason (usually quantitative), An epistemological view that says, knowledge develops in shared context, such as a historical period, geographic place and local culture, An epistemological view that says, knowledge develops through experience. < > How to formulate a pragmatic question in terms of scientific terminology? Questions that researchers ask… How to exercise a pragmatic approach in research /create practical relevance? Yet, many authors do not state their position on either. On a philosophical level, there is irreconcilable conflict between the quantitative and qualitative paradigms. The researchers does not always clearly state the philosophical stance on which the study is based; however, one can identify the stance by carefully reading the literature review, identifying the research question, understanding the purpose of the study and examining the researcher’s method (Carr, 1994). Frameworks of Research August, 2012 Paul Ilsley 2. Box 3 ER, Tamale, Ghana *stevekwadant@yahoo.ca Abstract As philosophical stances provide the assumptions in research methods, different philosophical stances produce different methods. available in qualitative research, and the diverse interpretive and theoretical frameworks that shape the content of a qualitative project. Philosophical perspectives are important because, when made explicit, they reveal the assumptions that researchers are making about their research, leading to choices that are applied to the purpose, design, methodology and methods of the research, as well as to data analysis and interpretation. For instance, the world perspective and practical consideration of a researcher are different. Now customize the name of a clipboard to store your clips. The ontological assumption is that there is no single reality but encompasses multiple realities for any phenomenon (Speziale & Carpenter, 2003). Doing Internet Research, an edited collection of studies which examined Internetresearchmethods,MannandStewart(2000) Internet Communication and Qualitative Research andHine(2000) Virtual Ethnography .Thesetexts Although new and still emerging for us, qualitative research approaches have been receiving considerable attention for some time in other disciplines. If you continue browsing the site, you agree to the use of cookies on this website. 1. It places significant importance to the subjectivity. We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. Research philosophical paradigm are sets of beliefs and practices that regulate inquiry within a discipline by providing lenses, frames and processes through which study is carried out (Steven & Edwards, 2008). Volume 10, No. They indicate whether you must ask each person in a study the same questions in an identical way or can change ques-tions midstream. At the most basic level, the mere choice of what to study in the sciences imposes … Qualitative research method descriptions are likely to benefit from a clearly stated ontological and epistemological position. School of Business, Tamale Polytechnic, P.O. As of this date, Scribd will manage your SlideShare account and any content you may have on SlideShare, and Scribd's General Terms of Use and Privacy Policy will apply. Grounded theory originated when Glaser and Strauss (1967) introduced the approach after studying dying in a hospital setting. See our User Agreement and Privacy Policy. ', Philosophies addressing the question: 'What is knowledge? All these different orientations, approaches and assumptions generate new data-gathering and analysis strategies. Reality is constantly changing, An epistemological view that says, knowledge is embedded in higher mental, linguistic, social, cultural structures; a way of overcoming the problematic conception of 'man', An epistemological view that says, knowledge begins with the human mind with the recognition that human knowledge is limited and fallible, Research is unbiased impartial and based upon facts, Research is always personal and based upon the researchers values and perceptions, Research is mutual and co-arises from the engagement of interndependent individuals, How a philosophical stance informs research design and implementation, The belief that only one philosophical approach is appropriate for social inquiry, that different paradigms are mutually exclusive and that I stance should be stated both supported, The belief that different philosophies can be applied for different situations and contexts based on the needs of the studies and that once applied will consistently inform all following research choices, The belief that a substantive theory that is congruent with the researchers paradigm can serve as a theoretical framework to guide methodological decisions, The belief that ontology, and epistemology and methods are different considerations, which can and should be easily mixed and matched, based upon the researcher's views.