Practicing the use of … This construction is used for things that happen regularly. There is no equivalent for "then" per se in French conditional sentences. / She would help you if she saw you. The French si, of course, means "if" in English. There are different types of si clauses, but they all have two things in common: The English result clause might be preceded by "then," but there is no equivalent word preceding the French result clause. Either way, si has several meanings and is used in numerous French constructions. In informal French, et si is often tacked on the beginning of a suggestion (with the verb in the imperfect): You can opt-out at any time. (Fact: She doesn't see you so she isn't helping you [but if you get her attention, she will].). ThoughtCo uses cookies to provide you with a great user experience. Either way, si has several meanings and is used in numerous French constructions. The present tense follows si; it is the situation that is required before the other action becomes a command. The present + future construction is used for events that are likely to occur. Si clauses or conditionals produce conditional sentences, with one clause stating a condition or possibility and a second clause naming a result produced by that condition. Si = Did I Hear Correctly, Is This What You're Asking? These verb pairings are very specific: for example, in the second conditional, you can only use the imperfect in the si clause and the conditional in the result clause. The second conditional* expresses something that is contrary to present fact or unlikely to occur: something that would happen, if something else happened. It's important to memorize the rules concerning the sequence of tenses. The term "conditional" here refers to the condition being named; it does not mean that the conditional mood is necessarily used in the conditional sentence. In the third conditional, the conditional mood is not used to name the condition itself, but rather the result. In English, such sentences are called "if/then" constructions. The French word si can be an adverb or a conjunction. To form the third conditional, use si + pluperfect (to explain what would have had to occur) + conditional perfect (what would have been possible). There is no equivalent for "then" per se in French conditional sentences. (Are you asking) if I'm hungry? In the second conditional, the conditional mood is not used to name the condition itself, but rather the result. Si clauses may also use the passé composé followed by the present, future, or imperative. (You're not sure you heard correctly; you heard "Do you want a free TV? The first conditional is formed with the present tense or present perfect in the si clause, and one of three verb forms—present, future, or imperative—in the result clause. For the second conditional, use si + imperfect (stating the condition) + conditional (stating what would happen). For more details, see our Privacy Policy. Si elle vous voyait, elle vous aiderait./ Elle vous aiderait si elle vous voyait. As shown above, the conditional mood is not used in the first conditional, and even in the second and third conditional, the conditional mood does not name the condition, but rather the result. French Negative Adverbs: How to Form Them, Everything You Need to Know About the French Adverb 'Comment', Si Clause Threads or First Conditional French Classroom Exercise, 'Je Suis Fini': Don't Make This Mistake in French, French Direct Objects and Direct Object Pronouns, Saying Yes in French With Oui, Ouais, Mouais, and Si, French Subjunctive - Le Subjonctif - Rules And Examples. Memorizing these pairings is probably the most difficult part of si clauses. The French si, of course, means "if" in English. > If she saw you, she would help you. There are different types of si clauses, but they all have two things in common: The English result clause might be preceded by "then," but there is no equivalent word preceding the French result clause. The French word si can be an adverb or a conjunction. Practicing the use of this word is important for grasping its nuances. The term "conditional" here refers to the condition being named, not the conditional mood. This construction is used to give an order, assuming that the condition is met. ")Si j'ai combien d'enfants?You're asking if I have how many kids? In literary or other very formal French, both verbs in the pluperfect + conditional perfect construction are replaced by the second form of the conditional perfect. By using ThoughtCo, you accept our, 'Passé composé' + Present, Future, or Imperative, Si Clause Threads - Third Conditional: Pluperfect + Past Conditional, Si Clause Threads or First Conditional French Classroom Exercise, Si Clause Threads - Second Conditional: Imperfect + Conditional, 'Would Have' In French: That's the Past Conditional, French Tip: Always 'Si Vous Voulez.'