Before frost, cut back to 15cm (6″) tall and mulch with soil, straw or leaves to keep the root from freezing. It’s vital that you purchase seed chokes from a reputable supplier. They need full sun to do well. Jerusalem artichoke plants (Helianthus tuberous) are perennial relatives of the sunflower. Some noteworthy artichoke health benefits include having a high antioxidant content that may help prevent cancer, manage weight, and control blood sugar and diabetes — plus their ability to provide a good source of fiber and other nutrients. The edible portions are the fat, misshapen tubers that grow below ground. Buds will develop at the tip of the stalk and should be removed with a sharp knife. An artichoke plant can grow to be six feet in diameter and three to four feet in height. Water is the key to tender artichoke buds that are meaty and flavorful. Jerusalem artichokes grow in zones 3-9. Starting. If you’re in Canada, I recommend Hope Seeds or West Coast Seeds for your tuber needs. Artichoke meat fillings are often used to enhance the taste of the dish in parts of North Africa and the Middle East. Commercial culture is limited to warm areas hardiness zone 7 and above. Artichokes are boiled or steamed and when cooked without seasoning, the artichoke has a flavor similar to a fried egg white. What are the health benefits of artichokes? Globe artichokes are one of the tastiest vegetables you can grow, and are as much at home in the flower garden as they are in the vegetable patch. But beware; once you have Jerusalem artichokes growing in your garden, you’ll have a hard time changing your mind! Growing artichokes from seeds started in late winter will produce edible buds in midsummer and fall. Follow our guide to growing your own. Also be sure to keep soil moist throughout the growing season. This will not only feed your plants, but also nourish the soil microbes that help your artichoke plants get more nutrition from the soil. Growing Jerusalem artichokes is a little bit like growing potatoes. Sow seeds ¼” (0.6 cm) deep, ¼” (0.6 cm) apart, and cover with … Tubers are dug in the fall. How to Grow Artichokes Artichoke Cold Tolerance/Season. It takes some work and a lot of patience to grow artichokes from seed, but it’s worth the effort. Keep weeds out of artichoke beds. Mulch well to conserve moisture. The edible plant parts are the immature artichoke flower buds. Artichokes need a long growing season, so northern and alpine gardeners should start them indoors under lights 8 weeks before the last frost date. Artichokes require good soil, regular watering and feeding, plus frost protection in winter. The softer parts of the vegetable are also eaten raw by dipping in vinegar or olive oil. Side dress again about mid-season to keep those artichokes growing. Feed growing artichokes regularly with Miracle-Gro® Performance Organics® Edibles Plant Nutrition Granules, following label directions. Types of Artichokes… Grow artichoke plants in full sun with well drained soil and give them plenty of water. They’re not started from seed but a tuber. Jerusalem Artichoke Plants.